Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB)

The Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) is a wastewater treatment process that utilizes anaerobic bacteria to convert organic matter into biogas (mainly methane and carbon dioxide) in the absence of oxygen. The UASB process is commonly employ for the treatment of high-strength industrial wastewater and municipal sewage.

Process Steps

Upflow and Settling: Wastewater enters the bottom of the reactor and rises through the sludge.  This sludge blanket acts as the main treatment zone.
Anaerobic Digestion:  Through anaerobic digestion, the bacteria convert complex organic compounds into simpler compounds, including biogas (methane and carbon dioxide), soluble organic acids, and biomass growth.
Biogas Collection: It is collected and can be utilize as an energy source for heating or electricity generation, or it can be flare to prevent the release of methane, a potent greenhouse gas.
Sludge Recirculation: A portion of the settle sludge is recirculate back into the reactor to maintain a high biomass concentration and enhance the treatment process. 

Significance & Advantages

High Organic Removal Efficiency: The anaerobic digestion in the UASB process achieves a high degree of organic matter removal, reducing the pollutant load in the treat effluent.
Biogas Production: The UASB process produces biogas as a byproduct, which can be used as a renewable energy source, contributing to energy self-sufficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Sludge Reduction: Compared to aerobic treatment processes, the UASB process produces less excess sludge due to the absence of oxygen.
Simplicity and Lower Operating Costs: The UASB process is relatively simple in design and operation, requiring less energy input than aerobic treatment processes. 

Targeted Impurities

  • COD
  • BOD
  • TSS