Softner Plant

A water softener is a device or system use in water treatment to reduce the hardness of water by removing dissolve minerals, primarily calcium and magnesium ions. Hard water contains high concentrations of these minerals, which can cause various issues such as scale buildup, reduce soap effectiveness, and potential damage to plumbing systems and appliances.

Process Description

Ion Exchange: When hard water enters the mineral tank, the calcium and magnesium ions in the water are attract to the negatively charge resin or zeolite beads. 
Softened Water Flow: The mineral tank and is distribut throughout the plumbing system for various uses.
Capacity and Regeneration: Over time, as the resin or zeolite beads become saturat with calcium and magnesium ions, the water softener’s capacity decreases. 
Regeneration: During the regeneration process, brine solution from the brine tank is drawn into the mineral tank. The calcium and magnesium ions, along with the excess brine, are flush out of the system and discharge as wastewater.
Rinse: After the regeneration process, the mineral tank is rinse with fresh water to remove any remaining brine and ensure the removal of any loose debris or resin fines.
Return to Service: Once the rinsing is complete, the water softener system returns to the softening mode, and the resin or zeolite beads are ready to remove hardness-causing minerals from incoming water again.

System Components

Mineral Tank : The mineral tank is the main component of a water softener system. 
Resin or Zeolite Beads: The resin or zeolite beads within the mineral tank serve as the primary media for water softening. 
Brine Tank: The brine tank is a separate container that holds a solution of salt (sodium chloride or potassium chloride) and water. 
Control Valve : The control valve is responsible for regulating the flow of water in and out of the water softener system.